Vyalova O. Yu. Growth and terms of obtaining marketable triploid oysters in Donuzlav Liman (Black Sea, Crimea). Marine Biological Journal, 2019, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 24-32. https://doi.org/10.21072/mbj.2019.04.1.03



The rate of linear and weight growth of triploid spat of oyster Crassostrea gigas in Donuzlav Liman (Black Sea, Crimea) was investigated. A quantitative relationship between the mass (W, g) of the whole oyster and the height of the shell (H, mm) is given (it is described by the equation W = 7 · 10-5 · Н3.1, = 0.78), as well as a quantitative relationship between the mass (W, g) of the whole oyster and the length of the shell (L, mm) (W = 3 · 10-4 · L3.12, = 0.65). The maximum rates of linear growth of triploid oysters T20 were registered in April (1.15 mm per day), of weight growth – in June (0.50 g per day) and August (0.61 g per day). It was shown that 27 % of triploid oysters T20 can reach commercial size after 6 months. It is recommended to use Pacific oysters of T20 size as a planting material on the shellfish farms in the Black Sea region.


O. Yu. Vyalova




Вялова О. Ю. Первые результаты выращивания триплоидной тихоокеанской устрицы Crassostrea gigas в Черном море (Южный берег Крыма) // Экология моря. 2010. Вып. 79. С. 37–43. [Vyalova O. Yu. The first results of cultivation of triploid pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas in the Black Sea (Southern coast of Crimea). Ekologiya morya, 2010, iss. 79, pp. 37–43. (in Russ.)]

Гудимов А. В. Мидия Mytilus edulis L. // Промысловые и перспективные для использования водоросли и беспозвоночные Баренцева и Белого морей. Апатиты : Кольский науч. центр РАН, 1998. С. 529–576. [Gudimov A. V. Midiya Mytilus edulis L. Promyslovye i perspektivnye dlya ispol’zovaniya vodorosli i bespozvonochnye Barentseva i Belogo morei. Apatity: Kol’skii nauch. tsentr RAN, 1998, pp. 529–576. (in Russ.)]

Золотницкий А. П., Монина О. Б. Рост и продукция японской устрицы (Crassostrea gigas Thunberg), акклиматизированной в Черном море // Экология моря. 1992. Вып. 41. С. 77–80. [Zolotnitskii A. P., Monina O. B. Growth and production of Japan oyster Crassostrea gigas Thunberg acclimated in the Black Sea. Ekologiya morya, 1992, iss. 41, pp. 77–80. (in Russ.)]

Золотницкий А. П., Орленко А. Н. Экологические закономерности роста тихоокеанской устрицы в различных районах Черного моря // Рыбное хозяйство Украины. 1999. № 2. С. 37–39. [Zolotnitskii A. P., Orlenko A. N. Ekologicheskie zakonomernosti rosta tikhookeanskoi ustritsy v razlichnykh raionakh Chernogo morya. Rybnoe khozyaistvo Ukrainy, 1999, no. 2, pp. 37–39. (in Russ.)]

Золотницкий А. П., Орленко А. Н., Крючков В. Г., Сытник Н. А. К вопросу организации крупномасштабного культивирования устриц в озере Донузлав // Труды ЮгНИРО. 2008. Т. 46. С. 48–54. [Zolotnitskii A. P., Orlenko A. N., Kryuchkov V. G., Sytnik N. A. On organisation of large scale culture of oysters in the Donuzlav Lake. Trudy YugNIRO, 2008, vol. 46, pp. 48–54. (in Russ.)]

Орленко А. Н. Гигантская устрица Crassostrea gigas (Bivalvia, Mytiliformes, Crassostreidae) как объект акклиматизации и основные этапы ее трансплантации в Черное море // Зоологический журнал. 1994. Т. 73, вып. 1. С. 51–54. [Orlenko A. N. The acclimatization of giant oyster Crassostrea gigas (Bivalvia, Mytiliformes, Crassostreidae) and the principal stages of its introduction in the Black Sea. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 1994, vol. 73, iss. 1, pp. 51–54. (in Russ.)]

Крючков В. Г. Опыт выращивания устриц у восточного побережья Черного моря // Труды ЮгНИРО. 2010. Т. 48. С. 29–35. [Kryuchkov V. G. Experience of oyster growing near the Black Sea eastern coast. Trudy YugNIRO, 2010, vol. 48, pp. 29–35. (in Russ.)]

Batista F. M., Leitao A., Fonseca V. G., Ben-Hamadou R., Ruano F., Herniques M. A., Guedes-Pinto H., Boudry P. Individual relationship between aneuploidy of gill cells and growth rate in the cupped oysters Crassostrea angulata, C. gigas and their reciprocal hybrids. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 2007, vol. 352, iss. 1, pp. 226–233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2007.07.009

Cruz A. F. C., Pena J. C., Lopez Y. S. Growth and sexual maturity of a Crassostrea columbiensis (Mollusca: Bivalvia) population. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 1997, vol. 45, pp. 335–339.

Dame R. F. Comparison of various allometric relationships in intertidal and subtidal American oysters. Fishery Bulletin, 1972, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 1121–1126.

Dégremont L., Bédier E., Soletchnik P., Ropert M., Huvet A., Moal J., Samain J. F., Boudry P. Relative importance of family, site and field placement timing on survival, growth and yield of hatchery-produced Pacific oyster spat (Crassostrea gigas). Aquaculture, 2005, vol. 249, iss. 1–4, pp. 213–229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.03.046

Diederich S., Nehls G., van Beusekom J. E. E., Reise K. Introduced Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) in the northern Wadden Sea: Invasion accelerated by warm summers? Helgoland Marine Research, 2005, vol. 59, iss. 2, pp. 97–106. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-004-0195-1

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Cultured Aquatic Species Information Program. Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) [Electronic resource] / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Roma: FAO, 2015. URL: http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Crassostrea_gigas/en [accessed 23.03.2018].

Góngora-Gómez A. M., García-Ulloa M., Hernández-Sepúlveda J. A., Domínguez-Orozco A. L. Crecimiento del ostión Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1795) cultivado en el estero La Piedra, Sinaloa, México (Growth of the oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1795) cultured in estuary La Piedra, Sinaloa, Mexico). Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria, 2012, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 91–104.

Grizzle R. E., Greene J. K., Coen L. D. Seston removal by natural and constructed intertidal Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) reefs: A comparison with previous laboratory studies, and the value of in situ methods. Estuaries and Coasts, 2008, vol. 31, iss. 6, pp. 1208–1220. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-008-9098-8

Guo X., Allen S. K. Viable tetraploid Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas Thunburg) produced by inhibiting polar body I in eggs of triploids. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology, 1994, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 42–50.

Harding J. M. Comparison of growth rates between diploid DEBY eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica, Gmelin 1791), triploid eastern oysters, and triploid Suminoe oysters (C. ariakensis, Fugita 1913). Journal of Shellfish Research, 2007, vol. 26, iss. 4, pp. 961–972. https://doi.org/10.2983/0730-8000(2007)26[961:COGRBD]2.0.CO;2

Maguire G. B., Boocock B., Kent G. N., Gardner N. C. Studies on triploids in Australia: IV. Sensory evaluation of triploid and diploid Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg), in Tasmania. In: J. A. Nell & G. B. Maguire (Eds). Evaluation of triploid Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea commercialis) and Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) on commercial leases in New South Wales and Tasmania. Final Report to FRDC, September, 1994, NSW Fisheries, Port Stephens Research Centre, Taylors Beach, NSW and University of Tasmania, Launceston, 1994, 37 p.

Mann R., Southworth M., Harding J. M., Wesson J. A. Population studies of the native eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) in the James River, Virginia, USA. Journal of Shellfish Research, 2009, vol. 28, iss. 2, pp. 193–220. https://doi.org/10.2983/035.028.0203

Nagi H. M., Shenai-Tirokar P. S., Jagtap T. G. Dimensional relationships in Crassostrea madrasensis (Preston) and C. gryphoides (Schlotheim) in Mangrove ecosystem. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Science, 2011, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 559–566.

Nair N. U., Nair N. B. Height-length relation of shells in the Indian blackwater oyster Crassostrea madrasensis (Preston) of the Cochi Harbour. Fishery Technology, 1986, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 27–31.

Nair N. U., Nair N. B. Relation between weight and linear measurements of shell in C. madrasensis (Preston). Fishery Technology, 1986, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 120–124.

Nell J. A. Farming triploid oysters. Aquaculture, 2002, vol. 210, iss. 1–4, pp. 69–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00861-4

Nurul Amin S. M., Zafar M., Halim A. Age, growth, mortality and population structure of the eastern oyster, Crassostrea madrasensis, in the Mahaskhali Channel (southeastern coast of Bangladesh). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 2008, vol. 24, iss. 1, pp. 18–25. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2007.01007.x

Octavina C., Yulianda F., Krisanti M., Muchlisin Z. A. Length-weight relationship of Ostreidae in the Kuala Gigieng estuary, Aceh Besar District, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 2015, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 817–823.

Pieterse A., Pitcher G., Naidoo P., Jackson S. Growth and condition of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas at three environmentally distinct South African oyster farms. Journal of Shellfish Research, 2012, vol. 31, iss. 4, pp. 1061–1076. https://doi.org/10.2983/035.031.0418

Powell E. N., Mann R., Ashton-Alcox K. A., Kim Y., Bushek D. The allometry of oysters: spatial and temporal variation in the length-biomass relationships for Crassostrea virginica. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2016, vol. 96, iss. 5, pp. 1127–1144. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315415000703

Soletchnik P., Huvet A., Le Moine O., Razet D., Geairon P. H., Faury N., Goulletquer P. H., Boudry P. A comparative field study of growth, survival and reproduction of Crassostrea gigas, C. angulata and their hybrids. Aquatic Living Resources, 2002, vol. 15, iss. 4, pp. 243–250. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0990-7440(02)01175-0

Villanueva-Fonseca B. P., Góngora-Gómez A. M., Muñoz-Sevilla N. P., Domínguez-Orozco A. L., Hernández-Sepúlveda J. A., García-Ulloa M., Ponce-Palafox J. T. Growth and economic performance of diploid and triploid Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas cultivated in three lagoons of the Gulf of California. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 2017, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 466–480. http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol45-issue2-fulltext-21

Wadsworth P. C. Comparing triploid and diploid growth and mortality in farmed oysters, Crassostrea virginica, in the northern Gulf of Mexico : A thesis submitted to the Graduate Faculty of Auburn University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science. Auburn, Alabama, 2018, 78 p.

Wang Z., Guo X., Allen S. K., Wang R. Heterozygosity and body size in triploid Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg), produced from meiosis II inhibition and tetraploids. Aquaculture, 2002, vol. 204, iss. 3–4, pp. 337–348. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00845-6

Yoo S. K., Yoo M. S. Biological studies on oyster culture (II) morphological characteristics of the oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Bulletin of the Korean Fisheries Society, 1973, vol. 6, pp. 65–74.



Download data is not yet available.